Thursday, November 12, 2009

Buk-M2E Air-Defence system


Workaday reading. This article is taken from 'National Defence' Russian Arms & Military Technologies review 7.2008 and is actual today as well. 'Buk-M2E' - has the same missiles as its navalised version 'Shtil', installed on the 'Talwar'-class frigates. The OCRed text is fetched below.










Yevgeny PIGIN, Vladimir KAPUSTIN, Leonid BASHKIROV

The Tikhomirov Instrument-Making Research Institute (Russian acronym NI1P), a joint-stock company based in Zhukovsky near Moscow, is Russia's leading developer of stores manage­ment systems for fighters and medi­um-range air defense (AD) missile systems for army air defense. NIIP's
shareholders are the Almaz-Antey AD Concern (51 percent of shares) and the Rostekhnologii State Corporation (49 percent).
NIIP stores management systems for Su-27, Su-33, MiG-31, Su-30 fighters and all their versions, as well as Kub- and Buk-series AD missile systems are well known
worldwide. The Kub (NATO report­ing name SA-6) mobile medium-range AD missile system adopted in 1967, was the institute's first weapon system designed to protect ground troops from air attacks. It 
comprised two combat assets: an acquisition and guidance vehicle (AGV), and four SP launchers. Its export version, dubbed Kvadrat, was successfully used in many local conflicts throughout the 1970s-1990s. As regards Kvadrat's lethality, it will suffice to recall that its unique record set in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War remains unbroken to date: 75 enemy warplanes downed with a total of 95 missiles. The Kub was an open architecture system facilitating its further upgrades. In 1966-1981, its seven modifications were devel­oped and put into service. Despite its venerable age, the Kvadrat is still operational in many countries worldwide, and NI1P is currently upgrading the system upon several orders.
In the mid-1960s, NIIP began developing a new-generation Buk-series medium-range air defense (MEDRAD) system. The Buk series production was launched in 1980, and its improved version, the Buk-Ml (NATO reporting name SA-11), in 1985. The primary manu­facturer of NIIP AD missile systems was the Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant (Russian acronym UMZ), and the primary developer and manufactur­er of surface-to-air missiles (SAM) was the Dolgoprudny Research and Production Enterprise JSC, which are part of the Almaz-Antey AD Concern. Unlike the single-channel Kub comprising two combat assets (AGV and launchers), the Buk incor­porates a command & control post (CCP), a target acquisition radar (TAR), up to six self-propelled firing vehicles (SPFVs), and the same number of launcher/loaders (LLs) allowing simultaneous engagement of up to six targets flying from vari­ous directions and at different alti­tudes. A new version of this second-generation AD missile system, the Buk-Ml-2 able to engage a wider range of targets including tactical ballistic missiles, surface and ground radar-contrast targets, entered serv­ice in 1998.
The architecture of air defense missile systems is governed by sev­eral factors, largely by the require­ments for their fighting and tactical characteristics. At the same time, fighting characteristics of MEDRAD systems always dictate the charac­teristics of their assets but do not determine their configuration. The configuration of army air defense
weapons depends on a country's military-geographic position, gener­al state of its technology and arma­ment, extent of automated control systems' branching in the air defense system, and theater-level air defense system organization.
Therefore, the organization and architecture of MEDRAD systems can be confined to the following types:
Type I consisting of:
  own target acquisition sensors linked to a higher ACS;
  CCP (command & control post);
  missile guidance radars com­prising target tracking and illumina­tion functions in semiactive homing;
  launchers with a load of SAMs. This type qf AD missile systems
includes the Advanced Hawk (US), 
NOAH (Norway), Bloodhound (UK), Kub and Buk (Russia), etc.
Type II is identical in configura­tion to Type I, but its AD missile systems generally lack own surveil­lance sensors, whilst air target data comes on-line from a higher ACS. Such AD missile systems primarily include the Patriot, especially its first version.
Type III includes AD missile sys­tems of the following configuration:
  multifunction radars (MFR) handling target detection and track­ing, missile guidance at the initial phase of flight (inertial guidance with radio updating);
  CCP providing communica­tions between the MFR and launch­ers;
  launchers with a load of active homing SAMs.
Such AD missile systems include the EUROSAM, TLVS, NOSAMS, etc.
In our view, the structure of Type I AD missile systems is rele­vant and promising. It is this struc­ture that has also been selected for a third-generation MEDRAD system, the Buk-M2E, capable of engaging strategic and tactical aircraft, tactical 
ballistic missiles, cruise and air-launched missiles, helicopters, including hov­ering ones, in heavy ECM and enemy fire environ­ments.
A phased-array radar used in the Buk-M2E has allowed the SPFV to simultaneously engage four targets, while the whole AD missile system can handle 24 targets. An original design of the sys­tem's illumination and guidance radar with its antenna raised to a height of 21 m has extended the acquisition range of tar­gets flying at extremely low altitudes.
The Buk-M2E provides:
  reliable air defense of troops in various conditions and kinds of warfare as well as that of vital administrative and industrial assets, with simultaneous engagement of up to 24 targets flying from any directions;
  high immunity in heavy ECM environments;
  high adaptability to integration into various groupings;
  effective protection from precision-guided weapons;
  all-weather capability, high mobility, high cross-country capaci­ty, short deployment/closure time;
  operability in diverse climates;
• autonomous operation capability;
  maintenance-free missile oper­ation within 10 years.
The Buk-M2E AD missile system comprises combat assets and sup­port & repair facilities.
It features:
  a multimode adaptive radar/optical armament control sys­tem operating in radar, infrared and 
visible bands that ensures high immunity and survivability in heavy ECM and enemy fire environments, involving ECM equipment and HARM type antiradar missiles, as well as reliable operational use of the AD missile system;
  high firing rate due to short reaction time and availability of a multichannel control system operat­ing in a wide sector;
  tail-chase engagement capabili-
ty expanding the impact depth and fighting capabilities of the AD mis­sile system against piloted aircraft and cruise missiles by 1.5 times;
  autonomous operation capabil­ity due to its SPFV carrying both tar­get detection and tracking aids and weapons;
  modular configuration allow­ing the development of its various versions around the baseline AD missile system.
The SPFV is intended to engage a wide spectrum of various air tar­gets, as well as surface and ground radar-contrast targets.
The SPFV's basic features include autonomous operational use; an immune multiband radar/optical control system; all-weather capabili­ty; automated mode of operations; simultaneous engagement of four targets; coordination of actions with­in the AD missile system; crew pro­tection against bullets and splinters.
The AD missile system can be mounted on soft-skin vehicles and used as a powerful mobile air defense weapon with the Airborne Troops and also on wheeled and tracked chassis in the Air Force and Land Forces' air defense formations.
The Buk-M2E is comparable to its foreign counterparts in terms of basic performance and surpasses them in some characteristics.
Its constant combat readiness is ensured by a branched functional checkout system allowing fault loca­tion to a replacement unit (plug-in module) and repair, including in combat conditions.
Forecasting warfare scenarios involving air defense missile group­ings in possible conflicts suggests that developed countries will use recent-generation perfect stealthy air-launched and missile strike weapons, including ballistic and cruise missiles, precision-guided low-signature weapons to deliver massive missile and air strikes, while the air strikes will be covered by heavy active jamming. In this context, it can be expected that fur­ther upgrades of MEDRAD systems - and the Buk-M2E open architec­ture offers such an opportunity -will proceed in the following areas:
  introduction of an active seeker surface-to-air missile into the Type II MEDRAD system;
  use of passive target acquisi­tion and tracking systems (infrared radar, passive radar, TV optical sight with a night vision device) in com­bat assets of MEDRAD systems;
  integration of passive individ­ual protection systems against preci­sion-guided weapons into the com­bat assets of MEDRAD systems;
  use of recent computer technol­ogy achievements including an AI system;
  integration of MEDRAD sys­tems' combat assets with those of SHORAD and LORAD systems.

-> Yevgeny PIGIN - Chief Designer of the AD
missile system
-> Vladimir KAPUSTIN - Deputy Director General
of the Tikhomirov Instrument-Making Research
Institute JSC
-> Leonid BASHKIROV - Chief Researcher



35 comments:

  1. Hi Igor

    With this system capabilities of Russian PVO( area defense) is risen for several times.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Igor any information on BUK-M1-3 ?

    ReplyDelete
  3. to Austin:

    Buk-M3 pic http://www.liberty.ru/foto/Tanki-na-ulicah-stolicy-nashej-rodiny/ZRK-Buk-M3

    range 2.5-70 km
    target velocity up to 3000 m/sec
    alt 0.015 - 35 km
    simmult attack 36 targets
    http://www.arms-expo.ru/site.xp/055057052124057052049.html

    ReplyDelete
  4. to Zoki:

    Buk-M1 --> Buk-M2 modernization
    range 32 ---> 42 km
    alt 22 ---> 25 km
    target veloc 830 --> 1200 m/sec
    target simmult attack 6 --> 24

    ReplyDelete
  5. Dear Igor, I believe those pictures are that of BUK-M2 and wrongly claimed as BUK-M3.

    The BUK-M3 is still under active development and will enter service from 2010.

    But needless to say the stastics of BUK-M3 if true are impressive , the ability to engage target of upto 3000 m/s or Mach 9 should help it intercept hypersonic missile and BM corresponding to a range of nearly 2000 km

    Thanks for your response

    ReplyDelete
  6. It's Buk-M3. it's already in service from 2008.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Igor check this link
    http://maks.sukhoi.ru/media/photo/maks2007/maks2007d1238.jpg

    The pics is a famous one as its wrongly being potrayed as BUK-M3 although its BUK-M2

    There is no evedence too that BUK-M3 is operational yet

    ReplyDelete
  8. Austin,
    Buk-M3 is different only by its electronnics & radar capability. No evidence for new missiles or chassis. However, there were a number of reports about induction Buk-M3 to service in 2008. Have you any report which claims otherwise?

    ReplyDelete
  9. Igor way back in 2007 Colonel General Nikolay Frolov stated that BUK-M3 is a new system and will be inducted in 2009.

    More ever Russia has been displaying the BUK-M2 and its variant in Airshows and exhibition but has been silent on BUK-M3 and no information on BUK-M3 was every shown.

    So we can be certain that BUK-M3 is still in development and perhaps induction will start in 2010.

    Here is a new report

    http://www.kommersant.com/p-11411/r_500/missile_defense/

    "The RF Armed Forces will get first Buk-M3s in 2009. It was designed by using the present-day element base and could be regarded a totally new system, Frolov said"

    ReplyDelete
  10. Igor ,can you tell me you E-mail address,wish i can have a exchage with you.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Νice blog here! Also your wеb site loads uр veгy fast!

    Whаt web host arе you uѕing?
    Can I gеt yоur affiliate link tо your host?
    I ωіsh my ѕіtе loaԁed up as quiсkly as yοurs lol

    Heгe is my site; Zulu Trader
    My website - aaafx

    ReplyDelete
  12. ӏ evеry time spent mу half an houг to rеad this webpаge's articles or reviews daily along with a cup of coffee.

    my web page: vapornine
    Have a look at my website :: vapornine

    ReplyDelete
  13. Its like you read my mind! You appear to knoω а lot about this,
    likе you wrote the book in it or something.
    I thіnk thаt you сould ԁo ωith ѕome pics to drive thе message home а
    bit, but otheг thаn that, thіs is
    excellеnt blog. A greаt read. I ωill definitеly be
    baсk.

    Check out my web site: pikavippi
    Also see my website :: pikavippi

    ReplyDelete
  14. obviоuslу lіκe your website but you haνe to
    test the spelling оn seveгal of your ρostѕ.
    Sеveral of thеm are rife with spelling problems
    and I in finding іt very bothersome tо tеll the truth then again I'll surely come back again.

    Also visit my blog :: pikavippi
    My page :: pikavippi

    ReplyDelete
  15. Woаh! I'm really enjoying the template/theme of this website. It's sіmple, yet effective.

    A lot of times it's very difficult to get that "perfect balance" between user friendliness and appearance. I must say you have done a fantastic job with this. In addition, the blog loads very fast for me on Safari. Exceptional Blog!

    Check out my page :: mahjong games download
    My homepage ... anger problems

    ReplyDelete
  16. Why peоple still usе to read neωs papеrs when іn this technological world all іs
    available on web?

    my homeρagе ... les bianas en los mochis sinaloa
    My webpage - stockings for varicose veins

    ReplyDelete
  17. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for djs

    My web site ... ncb
    My page ... gdz

    ReplyDelete
  18. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am
    impressed! Extremely useful information specially the last
    part :) I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this particular
    info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.


    My site :: vwb

    ReplyDelete
  19. Hello there, I discovered your site by way of Google even as searching for a similar matter, your site came up, it appears great.
    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just turned into aware of your blog through Google, and
    located that it's really informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I will appreciate should you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

    Here is my web page :: get twitter followers fast

    ReplyDelete
  20. This is very attention-grabbing, You are a very professional blogger.
    I've joined your rss feed and sit up for in quest of more of your excellent post. Additionally, I have shared your web site in my social networks

    My web site rubyczjr.wordpress.com

    ReplyDelete
  21. I got this website from my pal who shared with me regarding this web page
    and at the moment this time I am browsing
    this site and reading very informative articles here.


    my web blog; get followers
    My website: get followers

    ReplyDelete
  22. You actually make it appear really easy along
    with your presentation however I find this topic to be actually one thing
    which I feel I'd never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and extremely wide for me. I'm having a look forward on your next submit, I
    will try to get the hold of it!

    Also visit my web page; get followers

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hey there, You've done a fantastic job. I will certainly digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I'm confident they will be benefited from
    this web site.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post get followers
    Also see my site: www.machinesitalia.org

    ReplyDelete
  24. Whats up are using Wordpress for your blog platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get
    started and set up my own. Do you require any coding expertise
    to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!



    Also visit my webpage: get followers

    ReplyDelete
  25. I'm not sure where you are getting your info, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this information for my mission.

    Feel free to visit my blog post binaryoptions9.dressup24h.com

    ReplyDelete
  26. I'll immediately clutch your rss feed as I can't in finding your email subscгiрtion hуpeгlinκ оr nеwslettеr servicе.

    Do you've any? Kindly let me recognize in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

    Review my page ... V2 Cig Review

    ReplyDelete
  27. I'd like to find out more? I'd loνe to find οut mοre details.


    Here is my webpagе V2 Cig Review

    ReplyDelete
  28. hello !
    i joined a fitness center final week .
    I'm fifteen many years previous boy , 55 kg . i've to gain at least three
    kg within a month ( need to achieve 20 kg in 7 months ) i consume four meals every
    day ( breakfast lunch snack evening meal ) .
    i eat to a lot but not assisting me at all my excess weight
    stopped gaining , i never know why ! are you able to aid me make sure you ?



    my blog; mike chang monster mass free download

    ReplyDelete
  29. What nationality may be the most eye-catching men/women
    and what nationality has the ugliest men/women ?

    Feel free to surf to my web-site; women love

    ReplyDelete
  30. I visited various sites except the audio quality for audio songs
    existing at this web site is actually marvelous.


    Feel free to visit my homepage - basyx By hon vl106 mid-back Executive chair

    ReplyDelete
  31. Thanks! I believe I'll try ... Hmmm... All of these!

    Feel free to surf to my website: dental pro 7 price

    ReplyDelete
  32. "would benefit" not "would give" in the sentence,
    "...atmosphere with silver iodide would give people who participate alternative makes use of this kind of..."

    Also visit my page :: 60 minute stamina program

    ReplyDelete
  33. I agree with this completely but what tempo need to be utilised with this kind of training?
    I know trainers who say hypertrophy instruction like this will be
    8-12+ reps with an 8-12 next slow reps, whats your opinion?



    My web blog - six pack shortcuts Pdf free download

    ReplyDelete
  34. This can be the proper blog for anybody who wants to search out out about this topic.

    You realize so considerably its practically difficult to argue with you (not that I truly would need.
    ..HaHa). You positively put a new spin on the topic thats been written about for many
    years. Excellent stuff, just excellent!

    My web site: weight loss supplements for women with high blood pressure

    ReplyDelete
  35. certainly like your web site but you need
    to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your
    posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very troublesome to inform the reality nevertheless
    I'll certainly come again again.

    my website squriting mastery dvd

    ReplyDelete